Structure and Morphology of ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Method


  • Akhiruddin Maddu Departemen Fisika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680 Indonesia
  • Zetria Zikri Departemen Fisika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680 Indonesia
  • Irzaman Irzaman Departemen Fisika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680 Indonesia



SEM, Ultrasonic, XRD, ZnO


Ultrasonic wave has been utilized to synthesize the ZnO nanoparticle. ZnO is formed from a mixture of zinc acetate (ZnAc) and Natrium Hydroxide (NaOH) with various concentrations of ZnAc 0.5 M (ZnO 1:1) and 1.5 M (ZnO 3:1) and the concentration of NaOH remained at a concentration of 0.5 M. The Structure and crystal size were characterized using X-ray Diffraction (XRD), while its morphology was examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The results show that ZnO 1:1 has a higher (stronger) diffraction intensity than the ZnO 3:1. The crystallite size of ZnO 1:1 averaged 30.57 ± 4.31 nm while the ZnO 3:1 had an average crystallite size of 20.25 ± 7.12 nm. From the size of the crystallites ZnO particles that are formed include nanoparticles. ZnO 1:1 SEM image shows the shape of microrods in the 1:1 ZnO sample while in the 3:1 ZnO sample no microrods are formed. Based on the morphology, the 1:1 ZnO sample has an average size of 230 nm and is larger than the 3:1 ZnO sample which has an average size of 50 nm.


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How to Cite

Maddu, A., Zetria Zikri, & Irzaman, I. (2023). Structure and Morphology of ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemical Method. TIME in Physics, 1(2), 51–58.